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Use your computer more efficiently Keyboard shortcuts


It’s life made easy with a computer. The machine that is supposed to ease things can make life miserable. In case you get stuck the tips given below would help you. It’s your catalogue of solutions. Stick it on your pin board.

hese shortcuts shall help you gain the best efficiency of your machine and will also help you if you are stuck, if your mouse doesn’t respond.

1) Windows Hotkeys

  • Shift + F10 right-clicks.
  • Win + L (XP Only): Locks keyboard. Similar to Lock Workstation.
  • Win + F or F3: Open Find dialog. (All Files) F3 may not work in some applications which use F3 for their own find dialogs.
  • Win + Control + F: Open Find dialog. (Computers)
  • Win + U: Open Utility Manager.
  • Win + F1: Open Windows help.
  • Win + Pause: Open System Properties dialog.
  • Win + Tab: Cycle through taskbar buttons. Enter clicks, AppsKey or Shift + F10 right-clicks.
  • Win + Shift + Tab: Cycle through taskbar buttons in reverse.
  • Alt + Tab: Display CoolSwitch. More commonly known as the AltTab dialog.
  • Alt + Shift + Tab: Display CoolSwitch; go in reverse.
  • Alt + Escape: Send active window to the bottom of the z-order.
  • Alt + Shift + Escape: Activate the window at the bottom of the z-order.
  • Alt + F4: Close active window; or, if all windows are closed, open shutdown dialog.
  • Shift while a CD is loading: Bypass AutoPlay.
  • Shift while login: Bypass startup folder. Only those applications will be ignored which are in the startup folder, not those started from the registry (Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Run\)
  • Ctrl + Alt + Delete or Ctrl + Alt + NumpadDel (Both NumLock states): Invoke the Task Manager or NT Security dialog.
  • Ctrl + Shift + Escape (2000/XP ) or (Ctrl + Alt + NumpadDot) : Invoke the task manager. On earlier OSes, acts like Ctrl + Escape.
  • Printscreen: Copy screenshot of current screen to clipboard.
  • Alt + Printscreen: Copy screenshot of current active window to clipboard.
  • Ctrl + Alt + Down Arrow: Invert screen. Untested on OSes other than XP.
  • Ctrl + Alt + Up Arrow: Undo inversion.
  • Win + B : Move focus to systray icons.

2) Generic

  • Ctrl + C or Ctrl + Insert: Copy.
  • Ctrl + X or Shift + Delete: Cut.
  • Ctrl + V or Shift + Insert: Paste/Move.
  • Ctrl + N: New… File, Tab, Entry, etc.
  • Ctrl + S: Save.
  • Ctrl + O: Open…
  • Ctrl + P: Print.
  • Ctrl + Z: Undo.
  • Ctrl + A: Select all.
  • Ctrl + F: Find…
  • Ctrl+W : to close the current window
  • Ctrl + F4: Close tab or child window.
  • F1: Open help.
  • F11: Toggle full screen mode.
  • Alt or F10: Activate menu bar.
  • Alt + Space: Display system menu. Same as clicking the icon on the titlebar.
  • Escape: Remove focus from current control/menu, or close dialog box.

3) Generic Navigation

  • Tab: Forward one item.
  • Shift + Tab: Backward one item.
  • Ctrl + Tab: Cycle through tabs/child windows.
  • Ctrl + Shift + Tab: Cycle backwards through tabs/child windows.
  • Enter: If a button’s selected, click it, otherwise, click default button.
  • Space: Toggle items such as radio buttons or checkboxes.
  • Alt + (Letter): Activate item corresponding to (Letter). (Letter) is the underlined letter on the item’s name.
  • Ctrl + Left: Move cursor to the beginning of previous word.
  • Ctrl + Right: Move cursor to the beginning of next word.
  • Ctrl + Up: Move cursor to beginning of previous paragraph. This and all subsequent Up/Down hotkeys in this section have only been known to work in RichEdit controls.
  • Ctrl + Down: Move cursor to beginning of next paragraph.
  • Shift + Left: Highlight one character to the left.
  • Shift + Right: Highlight one character to the right.
  • Shift + Up: Highlight from current cursor position, to one line up.
  • Shift + Down: Highlight from current cursor position, to one line down.
  • Ctrl + Shift + Left: Highlight to beginning of previous word.
  • Ctrl + Shift + Right: Highlight to beginning of next word.
  • Ctrl + Shift + Up: Highlight to beginning of previous paragraph.
  • Ctrl + Shift + Down: Highlight to beginning of next paragraph.
  • Home: Move cursor to top of a scrollable control.
  • End: Move cursor to bottom of a scrollable control.  

4) Generic File Browser

  • Arrow Keys: Navigate.
  • Shift + Arrow Keys: Select multiple items.
  • Ctrl + Arrow Keys: Change focus without changing selection. “Focus” is the object that will run on Enter. Space toggles selection of the focused item.
  • (Letter): Select first found item that begins with (Letter).
  • BackSpace: Go up one level to the parent directory.
  • Alt + Left: Go back one folder.
  • Alt + Right: Go forward one folder.
  • Enter: Activate (Double-click) selected item(s).
  • Alt + Enter: View properties for selected item.
  • F2: Rename selected item(s).
  • Ctrl + NumpadPlus: In a Details view, resizes all columns to fit the longest item in each one.
  • Delete: Delete selected item(s).
  • Shift + Delete: Delete selected item(s); bypass Recycle Bin.
  • Ctrl while dragging item(s): Copy.
  • Ctrl + Shift while dragging item(s): Create shortcut(s).
  • In tree pane, if any:
  • Left: Collapse the current selection if expanded, or select the parent folder.
  • Right: Expand the current selection if collapsed, or select the first subfolder.
  • NumpadAsterisk: Expand currently selected directory and all subdirectories. No undo.
  • NumpadPlus: Expand currently selected directory.
  • NumpadMinus: Collapse currently selected directory.

5) Accessibility

  • Right Shift for eight seconds: Toggle FilterKeys on and off. FilterKeys must be enabled.
  • Left Alt + Left Shift + PrintScreen: Toggle High Contrast on and off. High Contrast must be enabled.
  • Left Alt + Left Shift + NumLock: Toggle MouseKeys on and off. MouseKeys must be enabled.
  • NumLock for five seconds: Toggle ToggleKeys on and off. ToggleKeys must be enabled.
  • Shift five times: Toggle StickyKeys on and off. StickyKeys must be enabled.

6.) Microsoft Natural Keyboard with IntelliType Software Installed

  • Win + L: Log off Windows.
  • Win + P: Open Print Manager.
  • Win + C: Open control panel.
  • Win + V: Open clipboard.
  • Win + K: Open keyboard properties.
  • Win + I: Open mouse properties.
  • Win + A: Open Accessibility properties.
  • Win + Space: Displays the list of Microsoft IntelliType shortcut keys.
  • Win + S: Toggle CapsLock on and off.

7) Remote Desktop Connection Navigation

  • Ctrl + Alt + End: Open the NT Security dialog.
  • Alt + Page Up: Switch between programs.
  • Alt + Page Down: Switch between programs in reverse.
  • Alt + Insert: Cycle through the programs in most recently used order.
  • Alt + Home: Display start menu.
  • Ctrl + Alt + Break: Switch the client computer between a window and a full screen.
  • Alt + Delete: Display the Windows menu.
  • Ctrl + Alt + Numpad Minus: Place a snapshot of the entire client window area on the Terminal server clipboard and provide the same functionality as pressing Alt + Print Screen on a local computer.
  • Ctrl + Alt + Numpad Plus: Place a snapshot of the active window in the client on the Terminal server clipboard and provide the same functionality as pressing Print Screen on a local computer.

8) Mozilla Firefox Shortcuts

  • Ctrl + Tab or Ctrl + Page Down: Cycle through tabs.
  • Ctrl + Shift + Tab or Ctrl + Page Up: Cycle through tabs in reverse.
  • Ctrl + (1-9): Switch to tab corresponding to number.
  • Ctrl + N: New window.
  • Ctrl + T: New tab.
  • Ctrl + L or Alt + D or F6: Switch focus to location bar.
  • Ctrl + Enter: Open location in new tab.
  • Shift + Enter: Open location in new window.
  • Ctrl + K or Ctrl + E: Switch focus to search bar.
  • Ctrl + O: Open a local file.
  • Ctrl + W: Close tab, or window if there’s only one tab open.
  • Ctrl + Shift + W: Close window.
  • Ctrl + S: Save page as a local file.
  • Ctrl + P: Print page.        
  • Ctrl + F or F3: Open, find toolbar.
  • Ctrl + G or F3: Find next…
  • Ctrl + Shift + G or Shift + F3: Find previous…
  • Ctrl + B or Ctrl + I: Open Bookmarks sidebar.
  • Ctrl + H: Open History sidebar.
  • Escape: Stop loading page.
  • Ctrl + R or F5: Reload current page.
  • Ctrl + Shift + R or Ctrl + F5: Reload current page; bypass cache.
  • Ctrl + U: View page source.
  • Ctrl + D: Bookmark current page.
  • Ctrl + Numpad Plus or Ctrl + Equals (+/=): Increase text size.
  • Ctrl + Numpad Minus or Ctrl + Minus: Decrease text size.
  • Ctrl + Numpad0 or Ctrl + 0: Set text size to default.
  • Alt + Left or Backspace: Back.
  • Alt + Right or Shift + Backspace: Forward.
  • Alt + Home: Open home page.
  • Ctrl + M: Open new message in integrated mail client.
  • Ctrl + J: Open Downloads dialog.
  • F6: Switch to next frame. You must have selected something on the page already, e.g. by use of Tab.
  • Shift + F6: Switch to previous frame.
  • Apostrophe (‘): Find link as you type.
  • Slash (/): Find text as you type.

9) GMail

  • Note: Must have “keyboard shortcuts” on in settings.
  • C: Compose new message.
  • Shift + C: Open new window to compose new message.
  • Slash (/): Switch focus to search box.
  • K: Switch focus to the next most recent email. Enter or “O” opens focused email.
  • J: Switch focus to the next oldest email.
  • N: Switch focus to the next message in the “conversation.” Enter or “O” expands/collapses messages.
  • P: Switch focus to the previous message.
  • U: Takes you back to the inbox and checks for new mail.
  • Y: Various actions depending on current view:
  • Has no effect in “Sent” and “All Mail” views.
  • Inbox: Archive email or message.
  • Starred: Unstar email or message.
  • Spam: Unmark as spam and move back to “Inbox.”
  • Trash: Move back to “Inbox.”
  • Any label: Remove the label.
  • X: “Check” an email. Various actions can be performed against all checked emails.
  • S: “Star” an email. Identical to the more familiar term, “flagging.”
  • R: Reply to the email.
  • A: Reply to all recipients of the email.
  • F: Forward an email.
  • Shift + R: Reply to the email in a new window.
  • Shift + A: Reply to all recipients of the email in a new window.
  • Shift + F: Forward an email in a new window.
  • Shift + 1 (!): Mark an email as spam and remove it from the inbox.
  • G then I: Switch to “Inbox” view.
  • G then S: Switch to “Starred” view.
  • G then A: Switch to “All Mail” view.
  • G then C: Switch to “Contacts” view.
  • G then S: Switch to “Drafts” view.

10) List of F1-F9 Key Commands for the Command Prompt

  • F1 / right arrow: Repeats the letters of the last command line, one by one.
  • F2: Displays a dialog asking user to “enter the char to copy up to” of the last command line
  • F3: Repeats the last command line
  • F4: Displays a dialog asking user to “enter the char to delete up to” of the last command line
  • F5: Goes back one command line
  • F6: Enters the traditional CTRL+Z (^z)
  • F7: Displays a menu with the command line history
  • F8: Cycles back through previous command lines (beginning with most recent)
  • F9: Displays a dialog-asking user to enter a command number, where 0 is for first command line entered.
  • Alt+Enter: toggle full screen mode.
  • up/down: scroll thru/repeat previous entries
  • Esc: delete line

I am sure that these tips would help you work with greater ease, rather than be bogged down with sticky problems. If there are no solutions, it’s better to look for alternatives.

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October 27, 2007 - Posted by | Computers

3 Comments »

  1. How do I close down computer using only keyboard with no access to monitor? I am in Win XP and running Firefox.My query is in event of frequent power outages in old Victorian house I live in. Am aware of “CTRL + ALT + DELETE” but that will not only close down but restart computer. Do you know command to simply shut down without re-start? My neighbor and I share a “back-up generator” that allows 5 minutes of power but we can only get our CPUs on it, not our minitors.

    I’ve searched for hours. How come something so basic as “close down computer” is not a simple keyboard command combo?

    Many thanks, Jane

    Comment by Jane | November 16, 2007 | Reply

  2. Hi Jane……….
    You can turn off the computer by
    pressing “The Windows Button”+U+U……..
    that is you have to press the ‘U’ button twice

    If you dnt get this please feel free to call me on 9890079220

    Comment by Senen Rebello | December 2, 2007 | Reply

  3. Hi Folks!

    Just wanted to share my new experience.

    If your Windows XP denies to start due to an error related to lost HAL.DLL, invalid Boot.ini or any other important system boot files you can repair this by using the XP installation CD. Just boot from your XP Setup CD and enter the Recovery Console. Then run “attrib -H -R -S” on the C:\Boot.ini file and delete it. Launch “Bootcfg /Rebuild” and then Fixboot

    Cheers,
    Carl

    Comment by admin_papa | August 31, 2008 | Reply


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